All You Need to Know About Myopia in Children

Myopia is more prevalent in children whose parents are nearsighted. However, myopia is on the rise, particularly among children. No one is certain of the precise cause, but experts believe it may be related to more time spent indoors performing close-up duties, such as using computers and playing video games.

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common vision condition that typically manifests between the ages of 6 and 14. Approximately 5% of preschoolers, 9% of school-aged children, and 30% of adolescents are affected.

Eye development & vision.

Myopia in toddlers occurs when the eyeball of your infant is too long from front to rear. It can also occur when the cornea is too steeply curved. As a result, when light penetrates your child’s eye, the rays just miss the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the rear of the eye. This renders distant objects indistinct and nearby ones sharp.

In hyperopia or farsightedness, distant objects appear more distinct than nearby ones. As a result, it is more difficult to concentrate on everything, notably on nearby objects. As children’s eyes have not fully matured, some degree of farsightedness is typical. However, most children do not experience blurred vision because their eyes fixate automatically. As children age, they become less farsighted and may develop nearsightedness instead.

Myopia typically worsens during adolescence before stabilising in the early twenties.

Symptoms of myopia in children.

Myopia symptoms include:

  • Vision complaints (such as inability to see the board in class).
  • Attempting to better see by squinting.
  • Frequent eye massaging.
  • Chronic migraines.

Diagnosing myopia.

Myopia may be present if your child fails a vision examination at the paediatrician’s office or at school. Your infant will need to see an ophthalmologist or optometrist for a diagnosis.

Ophthalmologists hold a medical degree (MD or DO). They conduct eye evaluations and provide prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses. In addition to diagnosing and treating ocular diseases, they conduct eye surgery.

Optometrists hold an optometry degree (OD). They conduct eye examinations, prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses, and screen for and treat various vision disorders.

An optician is trained to ensure the proper fit of spectacles prescribed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

Myopia treatment during childhood.

Myopia is not reversible or curable, but it is treatable. The purpose of treatment is to enhance your child’s vision and prevent further deterioration. This is essential for their future eye health, even if they still require spectacles or contact lenses.

Glasses

Myopic glasses can be worn constantly or only when necessary so your child can see far away. It is essential to select frames that suit properly and are appropriate for your child’s age and activities. For instance, if you have a young infant, purchasing spectacles with a strap may be beneficial to help them remain on. Or, if your child participates in sports, purchasing sports goggles will prevent their regular spectacles from breaking. An optometrist can help you determine what your child may require.

Contact Lenses

If your child prefers contact lenses, they’re available. They can also be useful for certain activities, particularly sports. While there’s no age limit for contacts, your child should be able to tolerate eye drops well and practice excellent sanitation. In addition, daily contact lens maintenance is required to prevent eye infections.

Even if your child wears contact lenses the majority of the time, it is important always to have a secondary pair of spectacles. Immediately contact your ophthalmologist or optometrist if your child experiences eye discomfort or irritation while wearing contact lenses.

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