Understanding 7 Common Gastritis Symptoms: Causes and Treatment Options

Gastritis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the stomach lining, is more prevalent than you might think. It affects millions of people worldwide, with varying degrees of severity. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the understanding of seven common symptoms of gastritis, their underlying causes, and the available treatment options. 

The best hospital in Patna is what you should visit if you are looking to get the most effective gastrointestinal treatments in this day and age. Now, let us take a look at everything you must know about Gastritis and the symptoms that they exhibit.

What is Gastritis?

Before we dive into the symptoms of gastritis and gastritis treatments, let’s begin with a brief overview of gastritis. Gastritis refers to inflammation of the stomach lining, and it can be acute or chronic. This inflammation can lead to various symptoms of gastritis, some of which we’ll explore in detail.

Abdominal Pain

One of the hallmark signs of gastritis is abdominal pain. This pain can range from a dull, gnawing discomfort to sharp, intense sensations. It usually occurs in the upper part of the abdomen, near the stomach. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), abdominal pain is often described as a burning or gnawing feeling, one which can worsen after eating.


  • The primary cause of abdominal pain in gastritis is the irritation and inflammation of the stomach lining.
  • H. pylori infection: This bacterium is a common cause of gastritis, leading to inflammation and discomfort. Effective treatments can help remedy this agony as well, and the best gastroenterologists at a hospital in Patna can do just that.

Treatment Options:

  • Medications: Doctors often prescribe antacids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), and H2-receptor blockers to reduce stomach acid and alleviate pain.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding spicy and acidic foods, as well as managing stress, can help reduce symptoms of gastritis.

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are frequent companions of gastritis. Individuals with gastritis may experience episodes of feeling queasy and, in some cases, may vomit. These symptoms can be particularly bothersome and can lead to decreased appetite and overall discomfort.


  • Nausea and vomiting in gastritis are mainly triggered by the irritation of the stomach lining, which can result in a feeling of sickness.

Treatment Options:

  • Antiemetic medications: These drugs are prescribed to relieve nausea and prevent vomiting. The best gastroenterologists in Patna would help you out with this.
  • Dietary changes: Eating small, bland meals and avoiding triggers like spicy or greasy foods can help manage these symptoms.

Bloating and Gas

Gastritis can also cause bloating and excess gas. This can result in a distended feeling in the abdomen and increased flatulence. Bloating and gas are often accompanied by discomfort and a feeling of fullness. Gastrointestinal treatments involve curing such symptoms.


  • The inflammation in the stomach lining can disrupt the normal digestive process, leading to the accumulation of gas and a sensation of bloating.

Treatment Options:

  • Over-the-counter gas-relief medications can provide temporary relief.
  • Dietary modifications, such as avoiding carbonated beverages and gas-producing foods, may help reduce bloating and gas.


Indigestion, or dyspepsia, is another common symptom of gastritis. It encompasses a range of discomforts, including a feeling of fullness, early satiety, and general digestive discomfort.


  • Gastritis can disrupt the normal digestive process, leading to indigestion.
  • Excessive stomach acid production can exacerbate this symptom.

Treatment Options:

  • Medications like antacids and PPIs can help alleviate indigestion by reducing stomach acid.
  • Dietary changes, such as eating smaller, more frequent meals, can aid in digestion.


Heartburn, characterized by a burning sensation in the chest or throat, is a well-known symptom of gastritis. It occurs when stomach acid flows back into the oesophagus, causing irritation.


  • Gastritis can lead to an imbalance in stomach acid production, contributing to the development of heartburn.
  • It is often associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can coexist with gastritis.

Treatment Options:

  • Antacids and PPIs can provide relief from heartburn symptoms.
  • Lifestyle changes, such as elevating the head of the bed and avoiding trigger foods, can help manage heartburn.

Loss of Appetite

Gastritis can lead to a loss of appetite, which can be concerning, especially if it persists over an extended period of time. A decreased appetite can result in unintentional weight loss and nutritional deficiencies.


  • The inflammation in the stomach lining can interfere with the normal hunger signals sent to the brain, leading to a reduced desire to eat.

Treatment Options:

  • Addressing the underlying cause of gastritis, such as H. pylori infection or medication-induced gastritis, can help restore appetite.
  • In severe cases, nutritional support may be necessary to prevent malnutrition.

Black or Tarry Stools

One of the more serious symptoms of gastritis is the presence of black or tarry stools. This indicates the presence of digested blood in the stool, which can be a sign of bleeding in the stomach or upper digestive tract.


  • Gastritis can erode the stomach lining, leading to bleeding.
  • Chronic gastritis, if left untreated, can increase the risk of bleeding ulcers.

Treatment Options:

  • Immediate medical attention from the best gastroenterologists is essential if black or tarry stools are observed.
  • Gastrointestinal treatments may involve medications to stop bleeding and address the underlying cause of gastritis.


Understanding the common symptoms of gastritis is crucial for prompt diagnosis and effective management. While the symptoms can vary in severity and duration, seeking medical advice is vital if you experience any of these signs. 

Remember that lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, and medications are essential components of gastritis treatment. Additionally, addressing the underlying cause, such as H. pylori infection or medication-induced gastritis, is crucial for long-term relief.

If you suspect you have gastritis or are experiencing any of these symptoms, consult the best gastroenterologists at a super-speciality hospital in Patna today for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan. 


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